To increase contrast while reading: Position a task lamp on the material you are reading--not over your shoulder. Try not to twist your body to get under the lamp, but use a gooseneck or swing-arm lamp that can bend to you!
MagLight+ is an app for iphones (iOS 7.0 or later) that provides a magnifying flashlight capability. It may be helpful when reading a menu in a restaurant, reading a food label in a grocery store, etc.
Try big print check registers, calendars and address books.
Seniors make sure you have regular eye exams that include critical tests for older eyes.
Consider getting a guidedog to help get around your home, neighborhood, and take trips.
Use writing guides or magnification programs for the computer screen.
Put your keys and wallet in the same place every day to find them.
Contrast when setting the table - use a dark tablecloth with light colored dishes and a light tablecloth for dark dishes.
Use clear, verbal descriptions when giving directions and offer a tour of the facility, including how to find restrooms, to newcomers. Point out landmarks they can use to get around easily.